[Interpretation of the top issue of the top issue] Look!Chinese scientists have turned light into "liquid"

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  The most common things that everyone sees is one of the most primitive things in the universe.But have you seen the light of “liquid”?

  A few days ago, scientific researchers such as Pan Jianwei, Lu Chaoyang, and Chen Mingcheng of the University of Science and Technology of China, through self -developed new quantum simulators, constructed the abnormal number of photons, Holm.This is a quantum fluid formed by the strong interaction between the particles. Here, the light shows “liquid”.The image is that photon not only dances alone, but also dances around other photon.Relevant scientific research results were published in the form of long text on the international academic journal “Science”.

[Interpretation of the top issue of the top issue] Look!Chinese scientists have turned light into

  According to Lu Chaoyang, a professor at the University of Science and Technology of China, the team started from a single artificial atom and put the name of photon one by one in the name of the “photon box” (the “photon box” from the ideological experiments proposed in Einstein and Boer’s debate in 1930)With a artificial “from the bottom” method, for the first time, the photon’s divided quantic abnormal Hall state was realized.”If you want to understand it very well, it is like we have turned light into an indispensable ‘liquid’, which is a new way of manifestation of quantum material.”

[Interpretation of the top issue of the top issue] Look!Chinese scientists have turned light into

Severe diagram of results.16 non -linear “photon box” array imprisoned microwave photon strong interactions to form a sub -quantum abnormal Hall state

  So what is abnormal Hall state?This must be said first. It was discovered by American scientist Hall in 1879 that when the current flows in the magnetic field, the electrons activate the voltage vertical and the magnetic field.This effect is widely used in the field of electromagnetic sensing.

  In 1980, German scientist von Klin found that under the condition of extremely low mild and strong magnetic fields, the Hall effect appeared an integer quantized conductivity platform.This new phenomenon is beyond the description of classic physics and is called an integer quantic Hall effect, which provides standards for precise measurement resistance.In 1981, Chinese Chinese scientist Cui Qi and German scientist Stemer discovered a number of sub -Hall effects.

  Unlike the traditional Hall effect, the abnormal Hall effect can be observed without an external magnetic field.In 2013, the Chinese research team observed an integer quantic nest Hall effect.In 2023, research teams in the United States and China independently observed in the double -layer rotor -based molybdenum molybdenum.

  To study the quantum Hall effect, we must first prepare a quantum Hall state.

  The traditional quantum Hall effect experiment research uses the “self -top” method, that is, on the basis of specific materials, the existing structure and properties of the material are used to realize the preparation quantity Hall state.Under normal circumstances, the purity of extremely low temperature environment, extremely high two -dimensional materials and strong magnetic fields.In addition to harsh experiments, the traditional “self -top” method is also difficult to control and measure the system micro quantum state independently, and to a certain extent, its application in quantum information science is limited.

  In this study, through a new quantum experimental platform, the research team of the Chinese University of Science and Technology for the first time with photons simulated an abnormal number of sub -Hall.This new paradigm that studies the complex quantum materialization of “from the bottom” not only does not require external magnetic fields, but also can also control the comprehensive measurement of the micro -nature of high -integrated quantum system through the control of high -precision addressing of the system.And further controlled.Such technologies are called quantum simulation and are an important part of the “Second Quantum Revolution”.

[Interpretation of the top issue of the top issue] Look!Chinese scientists have turned light into

Construct an artificial standard field in a non -linear photomic system to realize the number of photons in Hall.

  ”This ‘optical box’ array is named by ourselves, called Plasmonium (plasma leap) superconducting high non -simplified harmonious optical resonant array. Using this new method now, it is more controllableAnd manipulation provides new methods. In the future, we can make it a larger scale, and we can use it as the basic unit to further expand to create some strange quantum states that we do not exist in nature.

  For more than 40 years, the study of the number of sub -Hall effect has received widespread attention, because the number of sub -Hall state can inspire the quasi -particle in the area, which is expected to become the carrier of topological quantum computing, and ultimately help the traditional quantum computing is practical.The work of the Science and Technology Research Team of the University of Science and Technology solves a long -term scientific challenge of topology optical studies, realizes the interaction of photon’s score Hall, and also provides the foundation for topology tolerance computing.

  Reporter: Song Yajuan Xiao Chunfang

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